The purpose of this web page is to provide educational information that promotes the Copyright Act to students and employees of Shelton State Community College. Although every effort has been made to provide accurate information, this page is not intended to provide legal advice about copyright. Shelton State is not liable for copyright infringements enacted by its students or employees. If you have questions about specific items or situations and you can’t find the answers in the resources provided, contact the Library Director for help.
Copyright infringement is the act of exercising, without permission or legal authority, one or more of the exclusive rights granted to the copyright owner under section 106 of the Copyright Act (Title 17 of the United States Code). These rights include the right to reproduce or distribute a copyrighted work. In the file-sharing context, downloading or uploading substantial parts of a copyrighted work without authority constitutes infringement.
Penalties for copyright infringement include civil and criminal penalties. In general, anyone found liable for civil copyright infringement may be ordered to pay either actual damages or “statutory” damages affixed at not less than $750 and not more than $30,000 per work infringed. For “willful” infringement, a court may award up to $150,000 per work infringed. A court can, in its discretion, also assess costs and attorneys’ fees. For details, see Title 17, United States Code, Sections 504, 505.
Willful copyright infringement can also result in criminal penalties, including imprisonment of up to five years and fines of up to $250,000 per offense.
For information, please see the web site of the U.S. Copyright Office at www.copyright.gov, especially their FAQs at www.copyright.gov/help/faq.
For further information on education-specific usage, see Circular 21: Reproduction of Copyrighted works by Educators and Librarians.
For further information on all aspects of copyright, see the list of the U.S. Copyright Office’s circulars.